Aditya-L1: India's first mission to the Sun is successfully launched.

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Aditya L1 Mission Rocket launched ImageISRO Aditya L1 Mission Rocket Launched ( Image Source : ISRO )

Just days after being the first nation to set foot close to the south pole of the Moon  India has launched its first observation mission to the Sun.

At 11:50 India time (06:20 GMT) on Saturday  Aditya-L1 launched from the launch facility at Sriharikota.

It will cover 1.5 million kilometers ( 932 K miles ) or 1% ( Percent ) of the distance between the Earth and the Sun.

According to India's space agency  the journey will take four months.

The name of India's first space-based project to examine the largest object in the solar system comes from Surya  the Hindu sun god also known as Aditya.

L1 stands for Lagrange point 1  the precise location where the Indian spacecraft is traveling between the Sun and Earth.

Mission L1 Image
Mission of Aditya-L1 is to reach the halo orbit around l1 point and observe the sun from there.

A Lagrange point  according to the European Space Agency  is a location where the gravitational pull of two enormous objects  such as the Sun and the Earth  cancel each other out and allow a spacecraft to "hover."

Aditya-L1 will be able to orbit the Sun at the same speed as the Earth once it reaches its parking spot This implies that the satellite will run on very little fuel.

A few thousand people collect to watch the launch on Saturday morning at the viewing gallery set-up by the Indian Space Research Agency ( Isro ) close to the launch site.

Additionally  it was live-broadcast on national television  where the pundits referred to it as a "magnificent" launch. The launch was successful  according to Isro experts  and its "performance is normal."

Isro proclaimed it "mission successful" after one hour and four minutes of flying time.

Isro chief Sreedhara Panicker Somanath stated  "Now it will continue on its journey – it's a very long journey of 135 days  let's wish it [the] best of luck."

As soon as Aditya-L1 reaches its goal  according to project head Nigar Shaji  it will help not only India but the entire scientific community.

Now  Aditya-L1 will circle the planet numerous times before being sent toward L1.

This vantage point will allow it to continuously observe the Sun and conduct research  even when the Sun is obscured by an eclipse.

Isro has not specified the cost of the mission  however estimates in the Indian press estimate it to be 3.78 billion rupees ($46 million; £36 million).

According to Isro  the orbiter is equipped with seven scientific tools to examine and analyze the solar corona  which is the sun's outermost layer  the photosphere  which is the part of the sun that we can see from Earth  and the chromosphere  which is a thin layer of plasma between the photosphere and the corona.

The research will aid in the understanding of solar activity  including solar wind and solar flares  and their immediate impact on Earth and near-space weather.

According to Mylswamy Annadurai  a former scientist of Isro  the Sun constantly affects Earth's weather through radiation  heat  the movement of particles  and magnetic fields. He claims that it also affects the space weather at the same time.

"Space weather has an impact on how well the satellites work. Solar storms or winds can damage satellite equipment or even bring down power grids. However  Mr. Annadurai noted that there are gaps in our perception of space weather.

India has more than 50 satellites in orbit  and they offer the nation a variety of vital services including communication channels  weather information  and assistance in forecasting pest infestations  droughts  and imminent disasters. Nearly 7 800 of the 10 290 satellites still in Earth's orbit are active  according to the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA).

According to Mr. Annadurai  Aditya will aid in our perception of the star that is essential to our survival and even provide us with a warning.

We can shift our satellites out of harm's way if we are aware of the Sun's activities  such as solar wind or an impending solar eruption  a few days in advance. This will draw out
 the life of our satellites in orbit.

The expedition  he continues  will primarily contribute to advancing our knowledge of the Sun  the 4.5 billion year old star that is the center of our solar system.

AI Generated Image of Aditya L1 Image
AI Generated Image of Aditya-L1 Which Seem Observing the Sun

Just a few days prior to its solar mission  India had successfully landed the first probe in history close to the lunar south pole.

With that  India joined the United States  the former Soviet Union  and China as the only other nations to successfully complete a soft landing on the moon.

India will join the exclusive group of nations that are already researching the Sun if Aditya-L1 is a success.

Japan launched the first mission in 1981 to investigate solar flares  and since the 1990s  both the US space agency Nasa and the European Space Agency (ESA) have been keeping an eye on the Sun.

A Solar Orbiter that was jointly launched by NASA and ESA in February 2020 is studying the Sun up close and gathering data that  according to scientists  will help them understand what motivates its dynamic behavior.

And in 2021  the Parker Solar Probe  one of NASA's newest spacecraft  made history by being the first to go through the corona  the Sun's outer atmosphere.

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